leyu_乐鱼体育登录入口 - 手机版下载 025-77334734
人教版丨八年级下册英语7单元词汇解说(附训练题及谜底)!-leyu乐鱼体育登录入口
本文摘要:词汇解说:1. populationpopulation意为“人口”时,是一个团体名词,被看作一个整体,在句中做主语时,后面的谓语动词用单数形式。例如:The population ofChinais large.中国人口众多。【拓展】(1) 当表现一个都会、地域或国家有几多人口时,常用以下两种结构,即“the population of + 某地 + is + 数词”或“某地 + has a population of + 数词”。

leyu乐鱼体育登录入口

词汇解说:1. populationpopulation意为“人口”时,是一个团体名词,被看作一个整体,在句中做主语时,后面的谓语动词用单数形式。例如:The population ofChinais large.中国人口众多。【拓展】(1) 当表现一个都会、地域或国家有几多人口时,常用以下两种结构,即“the population of + 某地 + is + 数词”或“某地 + has a population of + 数词”。例如:The population of London is over ten million. =London has a population of over ten million.伦敦的人口凌驾一千万。

(2) population可与large,small搭配,但不能与many,few搭配。例如:The city with its large population has become crowded.这小我私家口众多的都会变得拥挤不堪了。

(3) 询问人口数量常用what或how large。例如:What’s the population of the city? =How large is the population of the city?这个都会有几多人口?(4) population前有修饰词,如分数、百分数时,表现整体人口中的一部门,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:One half of the population of the city are farmers.这个都会的一半人口是农民。

2. protectprotect作及物动词,意为“掩护”。常用搭配protect sb./sth. from/against…,意为“掩护某人/某物免受……伤害”。

例如:We should protect rare animals.我们应该掩护珍稀动物。Parents protect their young from danger.怙恃掩护他们的后代不受伤害。3. includeinclude作动词,意为“包罗;包罗”。例如:The price for the hotel includes breakfast.旅馆的用度包罗早餐在内。

The parcel included a dictionary.那包裹里有一本字典。【拓展】including除了是include的现在分词/动名词之外,在日常运用中一般被看成介词使用,和其后的名词/代词一起形成介宾短语,意思是“包罗……在内”。

例如:There are many different kinds of moon cakes, including fruit, coffee and ham.有许多种月饼,包罗水果的,咖啡的和火腿月饼。There are 40 students in the classroom, including me.班里有40名学生,包罗我在内。

同样,included也有介词用法,且:including + 宾语 = 宾语 + included。所以上个例句亦可写成:There are 40 students in the classroom, me included.4. succeedsucceed作不及物动词,意为“乐成”;表现做某事做乐成了,succeed 后通常接in doing sth。

例如:His plan succeeded.他的计划乐成了。At last he succeeded in solving the problem.他终于把谁人问题解决了。She succeeded in passing the exam. 她考试及格了。【拓展】(1)success 表现抽象意义的“乐成”,作不行数名词;表现详细意义的“乐成的人或事”, 则是可数名词。

例如:Failure is the mother of success.失败是乐成之母。His new book was a great success.他新出书的书获得了庞大乐成。(2)successful作形容词,意为“乐成的”。

例如:The performance was successful. 演出很乐成。It was a successful experiment.那是一次乐成的试验。

5. achieve(1)achieve作及物动词,意为“完成;实现”。例如:You will never achieve anything if you spend your time that way.你若总是这样消磨时间,就永远不会有所成就。

Everybody should be given the chance to achieve their aims.要让每小我私家都有时机实现自己的目的。No one can achieve anything without effort.谁也不行能不努力而有所作为。(2)achieve作及物动词,意为“到达;赢得”。

例如:The actor achieved fame when he was only nineteen.那位演员十九岁时就成名了。She achieved no success. 她没有获得乐成。【拓展】achievement作名词,意为“成就;结果”。

例如:The invention of the computer is a great achievement.发现电脑是一大成就。6. force(1)force作名词,意为“力;气力;武力”。

例如:The force of the explosion broke all the windows in the building.爆炸的气力震碎了这座修建上的所有窗户。The law should remain in force.执法应当有效力。We’ll settle the problem by force if necessary.如果有须要的话,我们会用武力解决这个问题。

(2)force作动词,意为“强迫”。force sb. to do sth.意为“强迫某人做某事”。例如:I can’t force him to stay.我不能强迫他暂时留下来。

7. weighweigh表现“称……的重量”,是及物动词;表现“重(几多)”,是不及物动词。He weighed the fish. 他称了这条鱼。

Do you often weigh yourself? 你经常称体重吗?He weighs 60 kilos. 他体重60公斤。The meat weighs five pounds. 这肉重五磅。【拓展】weight是名词,意为“重量,体重”。例如:What’s your weight? 你体重是几多?比力:by weight 和 in weightby weight表现“按重量”,in weight表现“重量上”。

例如:Do they charge carriage by weight?他们是按重量收取运费吗?It’s smaller in size but greater in weight.它体积比力小,但分量比力重。8. take intake in意为“吸入;吞入(体内)”。

例如:On weekends the Smiths usually drive to the countryside and take in the fresh air there.周末,史女士一家常驱车到农村去呼吸那里的新鲜空气。【拓展】(1)take in意为“领会;明白”。例如:Before you translate a sentence, you should first take in the meaning of the words.动手翻译句子之前,首先要明白单词的寄义。

(2)take in意为“欺骗;蒙蔽”。例如:Law will protect the girl taken in and sold by the abductor.执法将掩护那位被人市井欺骗和拐卖的女人。(3) take in意为“吸收;收留”。

例如:The poor man had nowhere to live in, so we took him in.谁人可怜的人没有地方住,所以我们让他住在我家。练一练:I. 英汉短语互译。1.出生时________________2.跌倒________________3.和某人一起玩________________4.砍伐________________5.吸入;吞入(体内)________________6.in the future________________7.talk about________________8.walk into________________9.as far as I know________________10.give up________________II. 凭据汉语或首字母提示完成单词。1.Every year thousands of t______ come to visit my hometown.2.The Great Wall is an a_______ man-made object.3.Many animals are in danger.We should do something to p______ them.4.Work hard and you can a______ your dream.5.It’s midnight,but I am not asleep,I am still a______.6.Pandas feed on ______(竹子).7.______(日本) is to the east of China.8.His ______(病)was more serious than the doctor first thought.9.The ______(旅行) took in six European capitals.10.Are there any ______(野生的)animals in the forest?III. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1.I want to know the ______(weigh) of the vegetables.2.My sister couldn’t get to sleep.She was still _______(wake).3.The boys were running in ______(excite).4.He died after a long _______(ill).5.She _______ (fall) over and broke her leg.【参考谜底】I. 英汉短语互译。1.at birth 2.fall over 3.play with sb.4.cut down 5.take in6.在未来 7.谈论 8.撞到;走进9.据我所知 10.放弃II. 凭据汉语或首字母提示完成单词。1.tourists 2.ancient 3.protect4.achieve 5.awake 6.bamboo7.Japan 8.illness 9.tour 10.wildIII. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。1.weight 2.awake 3.excitement4.illness 5.fell。


本文关键词:leyu乐鱼体育登录入口,人教,版丨,八年级,下册,英语,单元,词汇,解说

本文来源:leyu乐鱼体育登录入口-www.tianzenongyuan.com

返回列表
您的位置: 主页 > 案例 > VISLOGO >